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Seminar – Identification with possibly invalid IVs

Tinbergen Institute

This paper proposes a novel identification strategy relying on quasi-instrumental variables (quasi-IVs). A quasi-IV is a relevant but possibly invalid IV because it is not exogenous or excluded. We show that a variety of models with discrete or continuous endogenous treatment, which are usually identified with an IV – quantile models with rank invariance, additive models with homogenous treatment effects, and local average treatment effect models – can be identified under the joint relevance of two complementary quasi-IVs instead. To achieve identification we complement one excluded but possibly endogenous quasi-IV (e.g., “relevant proxies” such as previous treatment choice) with one exogenous (conditional on the excluded quasi-IV) but possibly include quasi-IV (e.g., random assignment or exogenous market shocks). In practice, our identification strategy should be attractive since complementary quasi-IVs should be easier to find than standard IVs. Our approach also holds if any of the two quasi-IVs turns out to be a valid IV. Joint work with Christophe Bruneel-Zupanc.

Room E5.22


  • Jad Beyhum (KU Leuven)


Roetersstraat 11,
1018 WB Amsterdam